MoMA PS1 will present the first New York museum exhibition of the work of visionary feminist and activist artist Niki de Saint Phalle (American and French, 1930‒2002).

On view from March 11 to September 6, 2021, Niki de Saint Phalle: Structures for Life will feature over 150 works created from the 1970s until the artist’s death, including sculptures, prints, drawings, jewelry, and archival material. Highlighting Saint Phalle’s interdisciplinary approach and engagement with key social and political issues, the exhibition will focus on works that she created to transform environments, individuals, and society.


Early in her career, Saint Phalle pushed against accepted artistic practices, creating work that used assemblage and performative modes of production. Collaboration was always central to her work, including several co-authored sculptures made with the artist Jean Tinguely. Beginning in the late 1960s, Saint Phalle starting making large-scale sculptures, which led to an expansion of her practice into architectural projects, sculpture gardens, books, prints, films, theater sets, clothing, jewelry, and, famously, her own perfume.

Niki de Saint Phalle. Photo de la Hon repeinte. 1979. © 2020 NIKI CHARITABLE ART FOUNDATION. Photo: Katrin Baumann


From this period forward, Saint Phalle also created a series of innovative works that reflect an
ethos of collaboration and engagement with the politics of social space. Addressing subjects that ranged from women’s rights to climate change and HIV/AIDS awareness, Saint Phalle was often at the vanguard in addressing the social and political issues of her time. Her illustrated book, AIDS:You Can’t Catch It Holding Hands (1986), written in collaboration with Dr. Silvio Barandun, worked to destigmatize the disease and was translated into six languages.

Central to the exhibition is an examination of Saint Phalle’s large-scale outdoor sculptures and
architectural projects, including three houses built for Rainer von Diez between 1969 and 1971;
Queen Califia’s Magical Circle, a sculpture park in Escondido, CA; the monumental sculpture Le
Cyclop in Milly-la-Forêt, France; Golem, a playground in Jerusalem; Noah’s Ark sculpture park in
Jerusalem; and Le Dragon de Knokke, a children’s playhouse in Belgium.

Niki de Saint Phalle. Book cover for AIDS, you can’t catch it holding hands. 1986. © 2020 NIKI CHARITABLE ART FOUNDATION. Photo: NCAF Archives


Many of these ideas culminated in Saint Phalle’s central life project, Tarot Garden, a massive
architectural park outside Rome, Italy, which she began constructing in the late 1970s and
continued to develop alongside key collaborators until her death. Opened to the public in 1998,
the garden and its structures, which are based on the Major Arcana of the tarot deck, allow for
moments of interaction and reflection that underscore Saint Phalle’s use of art to alter perception.
The exhibition will include photographs and drawings of Tarot Garden as well as models that Saint Phalle created for its various structures.

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